Illustrated icon of a half star made from beads

Acronyms & Key Terms


The following table identifies the acronyms we use on this website.


Acronym Definition
2SLGBTQQIA+ people Two Spirit, Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, Questioning, Intersex and Asexual Plus people
AFN Assembly of First Nations
CAP Congress of Aboriginal Peoples
CYFA Children, Youth and Families Act
GBA Plus Gender-Based Analysis Plus
GN Government of Nunavut
GNL Government of Newfoundland and Labrador
GNWT Government of the Northwest Territories
IGO Indigenous Governments and Organizations
HSIF Health Services Integration Fund
ITK Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami
LFMO Les Femmes Michif Otipemisiwak
MKO Manitoba Keewatinowi Okimakanak
MMIWG Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls
MLA Members of the Legislative Assembly
NFSC National Family and Survivors Circle
NIMMIWG National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls
NL Newfoundland
NSNWA Nova Scotia Native Women’s Association
NWT Northwest Territories
OCAP® Ownership, Control, Access, and Possession®
PEI Prince Edward Island
PTOs Provincial Territorial Organizations
SIRT Serious Incident Response Team

Key Terms

The following table identifies the key terms we use on this website.


Terms Definition
Agency Refers to the capacity and rights of individuals to act independently and to make their own free choices.
Anti-racism Refers to strategies, theories, actions, and practices that challenge and counter racism, inequalities, prejudices, and discrimination.
Co-development Refers to when two or more parties work together to develop a product jointly.
Colonization Refers to when one group takes control of the lands, resources, languages, cultures, and relationships of another group.
Co-management Refers to a process that brings together governments and organizations to share management responsibility.
Community In the National Action Plan, the term “community” is utilized in the broadest sense, referring to Indigenous communities or groups with diverse characteristics who may be linked by social ties, share common perspectives, and/or engage in joint action in geographical locations or settings.
Culturally Informed Refers to acknowledging, respecting, and integrating Indigenous cultural values, beliefs, and practices.
Culturally Safe Refers to recognizing and addressing power imbalances and inequities, enabling services and processes that are holistic, spiritually, socially, and emotionally safe and allowing reclamation of power.
Decolonization Refers to challenging colonial influences and dismantling and replacing structures that perpetuate the status quo using Indigenous perspectives.
GBA Plus Refers to an analytical process used to assess how different women, men, and gender-diverse people may experience policies, programs, and initiatives. It includes other intersecting characteristics such as race, ethnicity, religion, age, and mental and physical disability.
Gladue Principles Refers to an approach to sentencing and bail hearings allows judges to consider sentencing alternatives to incarceration when appropriate. These reports/principles allow a judge to consider the colonial history of Indigenous people when they encounter the criminal justice system. This initiative is aimed at reducing the number of incarcerated Indigenous people.
Grassroots Grassroots organizations use collective action from the local level to effect change at the local, regional, national, or international level.
Governments Refers to federal, provincial, territorial, municipal and Indigenous government.
Intergenerational Trauma Refers to the transmission of historical and contemporary trauma from one generation to the next.
Miskotahâ Refers to the Michif word for change.
OCAP® Refers to ownership of, control of, access to, and possession of research processes affecting participant communities, and the resulting data. OCAP addresses issues of privacy, intellectual property, data custody and secondary use of data.1
Racism Refers to the belief that all members of each race possess characteristics or abilities specific to that race, especially so as to distinguish it as inferior or superior to another race or races. Racism is typically directed at and against communities that are considered to be non-white.
Residential Schools Refers to government-sponsored religious schools that were established to assimilate Indigenous children into Euro-Canadian culture.
Self-Determination Refers to a state having the right to choose freely its political, economic, social, and cultural systems and is defined as the right of a people to constitute itself in a state or otherwise freely determine the form of its association with an existing state.2
  1. CIHR, NSERC & SSHRC (2018). Tri-Council policy statement: Ethical conduct for research involving humans. Available at:

  2. Encyclopedia Britannica (2021). Available at: